Bengbu, a city located at the dividing line of north-south China and the junction of Huanghuai Plain and Jianghuai Hills. Linked by rivers and mountains, it has distinctive four seasons and pleasant climate. So Bengbu is also called “Pearl City”. Under the jurisdiction of Bengbu City, there are 4 districts---Longzihu, Bengshan, Yuhui, Huaishang and 3 counties: Huaiyuan, Wuhe and Guzhen with the overall land area of 5952km2 and the urban land area of 601km2. The total population of Bengbu is 3.23 million and the urban is 910 thousand. Bengbu is known for the hometown of the Chinese imperial, rich culture, folk song and dance. Like a pearl lying along the Huaihe River, Bengbu is an important traffic hub of East China as well as the key processing and manufacturing base, the center of North Anhui Province, the city of “Hefei-Wuhu-Bengbu Independent Innovation and Comprehensive Reform Testing Zone” and the first city honored with the title of “the Civilized City” by the provincial government.
As the cradle of the Huaihe River Culture, Bengbu has a long cultural history. There is one of the origins of the Chinese ancient characters --- Shuangdun Neolithic Age Relics whose culture, named Shuangdun Culture, dated 7000 years ago, is a prominent representative of the Huaihe River Culture. Numerous pottery engraved symbols excavated from the relics are the first-grade national treasure ever introduced to the abroad in People’s Daily Overseas Edition.
It has the legend and relics of Da Yu 4000 years ago and the relics of historical stories about Liu Bang(King of Han) and Xiang Yu(King of Chu) of “the Battle of Gaixia”, “Besieged on all sides”(Xiang Yu’s army was once besieged on all sides by the army of Han and fell into strong helplessness), “Ambush on all sides”(Liubang called up seigneurs to ambush Xiang Yu),”Bid Farewell to the Concubine”(Knowing soon be defeat by Liu Bang , Xiang Yu sadly bid farewell to his concubine Yuji ) 2200 years ago.
Bengbu also has rich historical and cultural resources and bright prospects of protection and development. Therefore, there is a saying that goes “In Anhui province, you can know Ming-Qing Dynasty Culture by traveling to Huizhou, and know the culture before Han Dynasty by traveling to Bengbu”.
Bengbu has beautiful natural sceneries lying by the Huaihe River and linked by mountains and rivers. It altogether has 67 scenic spots including 12 national A-grade spots (4 4-A and 3 3-A spots), 2 province-level scenic spots, 3 National Industry and Agriculture Tourism Demonstration Sites, 7 Anhui star-rate “the Farming Fun Tourism” Demonstration Sites and 7 Anhui Best-tourism towns. Also, there are 10 province-level and 6 city-level major cultural relic preservation sites. In the downtown area located 4 state 4A-grade Scenic Spots such as Longzihu Scenic Spot, Hequan Farm, Zhanggongshan Scenic Spot and Bengbu Sluice Scenic Spot. Longzihu and Bengbu Sluice Water Conservancy Scenic Zone are also state-level water resources scenic spots. Bengbu still has many other major cultural relic preservation sites: Anhui first-level Leisure plaza-----Huaihe Cultural Plaza; the largest antique and jade market in east China---- Nanshan Antique and Jade Market; Guangcai Jade Market; Tomb of Tanghe (a great general in Ming Dynasty); Shuangdun Cultural Relics; Revolutionary Base Tourism site --- Sun Jiaweizi Village, the site of Dujiang Campaign in China's War of Liberation; Gaixia Old Battle Field and etc.
Mt. Jingshan and Tushan Scenic Zone in Huaiyuan County is the place where 4000 years ago, Da Yu (the first king in the Xia Dynasty) married a girl in Tushan, and called up seigneurs to subdue the flood, leaving an eternal story “King Yu never stepped into his house when he passed his home 3 times during the process of subduing the flood” to show King Yu’s determination to subdue the flood. Now, there are some relics here: Temple King Yu, Qimu Stone, Yuhui Village, thousand-year-old ginkgo tree, Shengquan Spring and Lingquan Spring and etc. On Mt. Jinshan are there “the 7th-greatest Spring in China”--- Bairu Spring praised by Su Dongpo, a man of letters in Northern Song Dynasty, Wanghuai Tower, Qiwang Palace and the place where the legend “Bianhe Embrace Jade” happened---Bianhe Cave. Hequan Farm, on the foot of Tushan Mountain, is the state 4A-grade Scenic Spot and the National Agricultural Tourism Demonstration Site.
Gaixia Old Battle Field in Guzhen County as famous as Battle of Waterloo was titled “World’s 7-Greatest Old Battle Fields ”, which includes Battle of Waterloo in France, Battle of Marathon in Greece，Gettysburg Campaign in U.S, Battle of the Red Cliffs, Zhen Haikou, Guandu and Gaixia Old Battle Field. According to the historical documents, 202 B.C, Liu Bang and Xiang Yu fought an unparalleled battle in Gaixia. The armed forces of both sides were over ten thousand. After fierce fight, Liu Bang triumphed over Xiang Yu and founded Han Dynasty. In this Battle, there happened some solemn and stirring stories such as ”Bid Farewell to the Concubine”, “Besieged on all sides” and etc which have been known to every household. Today, here exits some places of interest relevant to these stories: Bawang (Xiang Yu) Street, the sculpture of the story; ‘Bawang bids farewell to Yuji’, Bawang Town Relics, Wusui Horse Stone Carving (Wusui is Xiangyu’ s horse), the unique scene of an elm tree embracing a mulberry tree，Yuji Pool and so on.
Tuohu Lake wetland in Wuhe County is the province-level nature reserve and national 3A-grade scenic spot. With the water area of a hundred thousand Mu, it is the largest fresh water lake in Northern Anhui Province renowned for its fertile mitten crab. People give special privilege to the crab because of its large size, tender meat and profuse crab cream. There go around the verse like “the autumn is soughing and it’s time for crab tasting”, “the crab cream is fat at time of aloe white”. Once in April of Hongwu second year (A.D1369), Zhu Yuanzhang brought along his three generals — Guo Zixing, Guo Ying and Fei Ju to come all way to Tuohu Lake for tasting the crab. After tasting the crab, Zhu rained praises on it: "This is really the first delicacy under heaven.” He also remarked that: “Crabs walk sideways----everyone has its own way”, which became a Two-part Allegorical Saying as time passes. Here reeds are covered and wild ducks flock together. One can wander in the spot for fishing, rowing, birds watching and crab tasting to enjoy the funs of nature and taste the sentimental nostalgia. Around Tuohu Lake there still have a lot of noted historical relics: “Fenghou Island” where Emperor Qianlong stayed and conferred a rank of nobility during his voyage to regions south of the Yangtze River; “Chen Nanzui”, “Hei Yugou” and "Feng Huangzui” where antiquities fragments can be found here and there. Series of tourism products like “the fishing fun tourism” and “the farming fun tourism” have been developed.
In addition, culture traces of Ming Dynasty of 300 years ago can be found everywhere in Bengbu. Fengyang, where Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang built the Zhongdu City when he founded the state, is only 20 km from Bengbu. Tanghe Tomb deep in Caoshan Hill beside the Longzihu Lake; Ancestral place of Chang Yuchun (a general of Ming Dynasty), Yuchun Memorial and “Three Kings Tomb” in Changfen Town, Huaiyuan County; Han Junma (Emperor Zhu’s son-in-law) Tomb, Tai Pinggang ancient grave group and Longhua Temple, Tomb and Stele Forest of General Wu Liang and Yao Jitai in Wu Xiaojie town and Ba Daji town of Huaishang District, Tomb of Miss Yansi (first lover of Emperor Zhu) in Da Gongshan Mountain forest park, Wuhe county, so on and so forth. All these just reflect splendid culture of Ming Dynasty.
Bengbu is also the ideal place to enjoy the sight of Huaihe River scene. The famous “three gorges” on Huaihe River— Fengtaixia Gorge, Huaiyuan Jingshan Gorge and Wuhe Fushan Gorge plus scenic spots like Bengbu Sluice and Shangqiao water-control project built in the Huaihe River Project are exceptional sightseeing resources for the city.
Bengbu is rich in tourism and cultural products. Huagudeng, a typical representative of the Huaihe River culture, has a long history in China. The folk dance, features a bold, bright, witty, graceful movement vocabulary, is honored as the "Eastern Ballet" by Premier Zhou Enlai. It has participated in performance before the opening of the Beijing Olympic Games, showing the infinite charm of culture. As the original songs and dances of Han nationality, Huagudeng has been listed in the national "intangible cultural heritage" directory. It also has become the brand of culture tourism for Bengbu. The birth land of Huagudeng---Fengzuizi Village in Yuhui District is becoming an ecological and cultural tourism village where features the ancient civilization of Huaihe River. In the village there exists dance platform, museum park and etc, where visitors can not only view wonderful Huagudeng art, but also dance with the actors to share the joy.
Archaize jade and archaize bronze articles of Bengbu, the most prestigious tourism products in Anhui province, possess the originality by reprocessing semi finished products with unique skill and craft. The exquisite workmanship and affordable price are popular with antique collectors from Southeast Asia, Japan and even Australia. Every year thousands of foreign businessmen gather in Bengbu for procurement so that the antique are once in short of supply. Besides, the natural pearl and pearl jewelry are also well known to all. The pearl proceeds from the peculiar clam” of Huaihe River, featuring mellow and full size as well as bright color by painstakingly captive-bred. The jewelry made of the pearl are so exquisite and gorgeous that are highly appreciated by consumers. Furthermore, there are tourist products like “craft glass”, “imitation cloisonne” and fitness ball in this city. Series products of Shengshi crystal glass is named as the best tourist souvenirs of Anhui province. Antler liquor series, green tea series of candy and braised whole chicken are awarded the recommended tourism products of Anhui province.